Garden Rose Varieties

There are more than one hundred species of roses, many of which are plants that can be cultivated in the home garden. Most wild roses are native to Asia, while others are cultivated garden hybrids. Gardening with roses is a satisfying pastime that rewards the gardener with lush, fragrant flowers in a wide spectrum of colors.

Knock Out Rose

The knock out rose (Rosa Radrazz) is a hybrid rose species that's notable for its long bloom period (all season long, intermittently) and for its strong resistance to pests and disease. The knock out rose grows to be about four feet high, taking the form of a compact, low growing shrub. The plant produces dense green foliage, accented by tea scented small rose flowers, which are typically a brilliant red or hot pink. The plant works well as a border or specimen plant in USDA zones 4 to 9. Knock out rose will grow in partial shade, but it will produce its best blooms in full sunlight. Once established, knockout rose is quite drought tolerant and requires infrequent watering. Soil should be well draining.

Rock Rose

Rock rose (Cistus x) is a diminutive rose shrub that only grows between a foot and a half and three feet tall. The plant offers green foliage and broad, white rose flowers, which appear in the summer. The highly fragrant plant can be used for erosion control, or as a border or specimen plant in USDA zones 8B to 11A. Rock rose will do best in full sunlight, in a well drained acidic or neutral soil. Rock rose has a good tolerance of salt, making it ideal for coastal gardens. The plant is fairly drought tolerant and supplemental watering is only necessary during long summer droughts.

Lady Banks

A native of China, the lady banks rose (Rosa banksiae) is a scrambling evergreen vine that can reach 50 feet in any direction. The fast growing plant offers dark green foliage and pale yellow or white roses, which are lush and fragrant. The plant is not for the faint of heart, as it can quickly take over a large section of the garden. Lady banks is best suited to growth in USDA zones 7 to 10, in full sunlight. The plant is adaptable to a range of soils, preferring a well draining soil, even infertile, poor soils. The vine requires no supplemental watering once established, and will usually do better if left alone than tended to.

Keywords: rose varieties, garden roses, rose types

About this Author

Michelle Wishhart is a writer based out of Astoria, Ore. She has been writing professionally for five years, starting with her position as a staff arts writer for an alternative weekly paper in Santa Cruz. She has a B.A. in fine arts from the University of California in Santa Cruz and a minor in English literature.