Vegetable gardening outdoors is limited to the spring and summer, and part of the fall; but when winter rolls around, the garden goes into hibernation. Although this may seem like the end of the gardening season, it is possible to grow fresh vegetables indoors. Not all vegetable varieties will grow well indoors, however, so choose vegetables that will do well with the light provided by your windows. Select examples that take up a small amount of space such as dwarf or miniature varieties of common outdoor plants or leafy vegetables with a short growing time.
Choose a container that is clean and has at least one hole in the bottom for drainage, notes the University of Maine Extension.
Mix together one part peat moss, one part garden loam, one part coarse builder's sand and a slow-release fertilizer with a ratio of 14-14-14 applying according to the package instructions for the fertilizer, attests the Virginia Cooperative Extension.
Fill the container an inch from the top with the potting mixture, and moisten the soil until water pours from the drainage hole at the bottom of the pot. Remove excess water from the drainage tray once the plant has drunk for several minutes.
Plant seeds in the potting mix according to the seed package instructions, paying attention to the spacing instructions for the plant variety. Plant transplants so that the root ball is covered at the same depth as it was in its previous container.
Place the plant in a window that provides the light requirements indicated for the specific plant variety.
Water regularly to keep at least the top 1/2 inch of the soil moist. Tap the side of the pot; and if it sounds hollow, water the plant. Pour until water pours out of the bottom of the pot and drain the water tray once the soil has drunk the water for a few minutes. Do not allow the plant to stand in water for extended periods.
Fertilize the vegetables every three to four weeks with a water soluble fertilizer according to the instructions on the package.