Flowers Native to Scotland

Scotland is located in the United Kingdom on the island of Great Britain. It's landscape includes high mountain ranges and plenty of bodies of freshwater. It is home to the legendary Loch Ness monster and contains more than 790 islands. The country has a temperate climate, which makes it an excellent place for vegetation and flowers to grow.


The thistle was adopted as the emblem of Scotland in the 1200's. It produces a purple flower that blooms in late summer. The thistle prefers chalky, well-drained soils and full sunlight and can frequently be found in pastures and roadside.The perennial plant can grow up to 6 feet in height and can be difficult to control once it has been established.


Foxglove is an herbaceous, perennial shrub that can grow up to 12 feet tall. It has purple to white, bell shaped flowers that grow on a long spike hat is approximately 6 feet tall. Foxglove does not bloom until the second year of the plants life. It is a toxic plant that can be fatal to both human and animals. It thrives in dry places and prefers full sun on rocky cliffs, pastures and dry hilly places.

Viper's Bluegloss

Viper's bluegloss is a perennial herb that can grow up to 3 feet in height. The flowers bloom from May to September and start off as pink and turn a brilliant blue. It is often seen as an invasive weed. It can be found in pastures and along roadsides. The leaves are long and slender and grow 2 to 6 inches long. The stems have long bristly hairs. Viper's bluegloss prefers full sun and dry soil.

Sticky Catchfly

The sticky catchfly is a perennial herb that can grow up to 2 feet tall. It has sticky stems and dark purple, pink or white flowers that bloom in early summer. According to the Edinburgh Biodiversity partnership, the sticky catchfly is an endangered plant that is being reintroduced to sites across Scotland to save the plant. The plant grows in rocky cliffs in full sunlight and adapts well to dry conditions.

Keywords: Scotland flowers, native to Scotland, European flowers

About this Author

Melanie Hammontree is a member of the Society for Professional Journalists and has been writing since 2004. Works include publications with "Hall County Crime Examiner," "Player's Press" and "The Gainesville Times." Hammontree has a Master of Business and is working on a Master of Journalism from the University of Tennessee.