Herbs add fragrance and flavor to the home garden. A variety of annual and perennial herbs are readily available and easy to grow for the hobby gardener. Plant a mixture of these low-maintenance plants for an herb garden that offers color and variety.
Chives are an edible perennial herb with a mild onion flavor. They are in the same family as onions, as evidenced by their taste and smell. This herb will grow best when placed in well-drained soil in an area that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight a day. Both the hollow stem and the light purple flowers are edible. Chive flowers are lavender and globe shaped. They sit atop long, light green stems.
Oregano is staple herb in a number of Italian dishes. It adds both taste and a distinct aroma to pasta and pizza sauces. This is a hardy perennial herb, easy to grow and use for cooking. Oregano produces flowers in midsummer and may continue producing them into early fall. The flowers are tubular structures ranging from hues of purple to white. Oregano will grow best in full sun. It is tolerant of most soil types providing good drainage.
Rosemary grows in woody, evergreen branches that sport small blue flowers in the summertime. The leaves are thin green spikes that resemble tiny pine needles. Rosemary is a culinary herb used primarily in Mediterranean dishes. According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, Rosemary contains antioxidants that fight cell-damaging particles known as "free radicals." Grow rosemary in a sunny spot in the garden, in well-drained soil.
Sage is often used to flavor meat and poultry. The slightly bitter flavor is an excellent contrast to other seasonings. This hardy perennial may grow as tall as three feet and can become a bit straggly. The foliage is light green with a wooly texture. The long stems of tiny purple flowers can become a garden focal point. Plant sage where it will receive at least six hours of sunlight a day.
Unlike most herbs, lavender is not used in the culinary arts. Its place is in soaps, shampoos, essential oils and aroma therapy. According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, lavender, in the form of essential oil, is capable of reducing anxiety and depression. This perennial is renowned for its appealing fragrance. The leaves are small and light green. Stems support bunches of small dark purple flowers similar, in appearance, to sage flowers. Lavender is tolerant of rocky soils and should be grown in a sunny location.