Planting a seed and watching it grow into a flower is very rewarding for children and a great way to learn about science. By learning the needs of each stage of the life cycle, growers will understand how to better care for flowering plants, resulting in healthier and more beautiful plants.
Housed in each seed is an embryo. The hard shell of the seed protects the embryo while it is being nourished and prepares to sprout. As the seed retains water, it swells and pulls away from the embryo, until the shell eventually falls away and the plant begins to emerge from the soil.
As the new plant begins to sprout upward, its root system grows down into the soil, creating stability for the plant. Within days after emerging, the seedling develops its first leaves. The leaves allow it to use photosynthesis to make its own food.
The proper nutrients that a seedling gets from water and sunlight allows it to develop a stronger stem and more leaves. The stem will eventually develop buds at its growing tip.
Each bud will bloom into a flower, which encourages pollination. Pollen is spread from flower to flower, transported by birds and insects who come to feed on the sweet smelling center of the flower. Pollination is crucial for fertilization to occur and produce more seeds for the next generation of plant.
Flowering plants produce fruit that contains seeds. The fruit, not always edible, protects the seed as they prepare for maturity. The fruit will eventually dry out and fall away, exposing the seeds that are ready for the life cycle to begin again.