How to Grow a Garden Indoors

Overview

Growing your own vegetables or herbs allows you to use the freshest produce and seasonings in all your favorite recipes. The best thing is, you can grow a garden indoors, or what is known as container gardening. Gardening inside your house or apartment allows you to grow vegetables and herbs all year long. Provide a few basic requirements to ensure your indoor garden thrives, and soon you will reap the bountiful harvest.

Step 1

Grow your indoor vegetables in locations providing five to 10 hours of full sun for fruiting vegetables, such as tomatoes and peppers. Leaf or root vegetables, like lettuces and carrots, can endure partial shady sites. South-facing windows provide the most sunlight, with west-facing windows as a great second choice.

Step 2

Choose containers to grow vegetables inside according to the vegetable or herb's requirements. Deep-rooting vegetables like many tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbage, eggplant and squash require at least five-gallon containers. Herbs and the majority of other vegetables will grow in containers ranging from 6- to 8-inch-deep pots, flower boxes and up to two-gallon containers.

Step 3

Place coffee filters or mesh over the containers' drainage holes. Fill the pots with high-quality potting soil, or a mixture of one part sand, one part peat moss, and one part garden loam along with a gradual-release fertilizer like 14-14-14.

Step 4

Dig a hole in the soil to plant vegetable transplants at the same depth presently growing. Space the vegetables according to the suggestion on each plant's marker.

Step 5

Water thoroughly to settle the soil around the vegetables or herbs. Check your indoor garden daily to see if you need to water your growing plants. Add water to each container until it runs out the bottom when the top inch of soil is dry.

Step 6

Place stakes in the containers holding any crops that will require support later on, such as tomatoes, beans or peppers. Cover the top of the containers with a few inches of mulch to retain moist soil longer.

Step 7

Fertilize your indoor garden as directed in 10 weeks, if you added time-released fertilizer to the soil at planting time. Reapply fertilizer every two or three weeks during the growing season.

Things You'll Need

  • Containers
  • Mesh or coffee filters
  • Growing medium
  • Hand trowel or shovel
  • Fertilizer
  • Vegetable transplants or seeds
  • Water
  • Stakes (optional)
  • Mulch

References

  • Virginia Tech: Vegetable Gardening in Containers
  • West Virginia University: Growing Herbs in the Home Garden
  • Arizona Master Gardener Manual: Container Garden
Keywords: container gardening, gardening inside, grow indoor vegetables, grow vegetables inside, indoor garden

About this Author

Diane Dilov-Schultheis has been writing professionally since 2000. She is a food and travel writer who also specializes in gaming, satellites, RV repair, gardening, finances and electronics. She is a member of the Society of Professional Journalists and has been published on Yahoo!, the Travel Channel and Intel.