Situated at the far eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea, Lebanon enjoys a mild climate that allows many flowers to bloom, including into the winter months. Long, hot and arid summers and chilly and rainy winters that offer frosts and an occasional dusting of snow describes the countryside. The Lebanon Mountains block the humidity and moderating temperatures of the sea to influence more interior reaches of the country.
Spring, the months of March through May, presents a wide array of flowers in Lebanon. In March chamomile (Anthemis chia) bears its white daisy-like flowers as do the pink to white blossoms of the Anatolian orchid (Orchis anatolica). By April, florist cyclamen (Cyclamen persicum), stars-of-Bethlehem (Ornithogalum spp.) and the Judas tree's (Cercis siliquastrum) rosy flowers appear. Examples of May flowers include the pine-scented rose (Rosa glutinosa), dog rose (Rosa canina), long-headed poppy (Papaver dubium), oleanders (Nerium oleander), and the Mesopotamian iris (Iris mesopotamica).
Jupiter's beard (Centranthus ruber), pinks (Dianthus spp.), and Egyptian campion (Silene aegyptiaca) begins the summer season in June. By July, hollyhocks (Alcea setosa) are showy. The heat of August brings golden thistle (Scolymus hispanicus) into bloom. The castor bean (Ricinus communis) continues flowering, but also displays its spiny reddish seed capsules.
A stroll along the Mediterranean in September may provide you a glimpse of the white flower spikes of sea squill (Ursinea maritima). By October, enjoy fall crocuses: lavender blooms of Crocus cancellatus or white flowers with Crocus ochroleucus. November brings even more flowering from underground bulbous perennials like Colchicum spp. and the golden flowers of lily-of-the-field (Sternbergia lutea).
While cooler temps and an eventual transition to winter's rainy downbursts dominate from late December into February, a few flowers bloom. The non-native but pretty weed called buttercups (Oxalis pes-caprae) shows off its tiny yellow blossoms. The unusual striped flower tubes of friar's cowl (Arisarum vulgare) appear, too, in mid to late winter. By February, the native hyacinths (Hyacinthus orientalis) appear as do the poppy anemones (Anemone coronaria).