Bamboo is available in several different varieties--from dwarf to giant. These timbers can reach upwards of 100 feet or be as small as a mere 30 inches. It can be used as a decorative ornamental plant or as a building material. Bamboo is a fast-growing plant that will quickly replenish what is consumed. This grass thrives in well-drained, nutrient rich oil in areas of average humidity. When bamboo presents health issues, it is vital that the correct precautions are taken.
Transplant the grass into improved soil. Choose a pot with adequate room for future growth of the bamboo. This is a rapidly growing plant that must have space to flourish. Maintain a space of 2 inches between the root system and the side of the planter. If there is less space than 2 inches, choose a larger pot. Short, round planters are considered best for bamboo. Prepare a potting soil mixture of two parts sharp sand, two parts loam, two parts peat moss, one part humus and 1/3 part dried cow manure. Combine into the planter and mix well. Transplant the bamboo into the new soil, applying a layer of mulch around the base of the plant.
Feed bamboo monthly with a high nitrogen fertilizer. The American Bamboo Society recommends a fertilizer with a 30-10-10 nutrient formula. Follow the package directions for application.
Prune the root system. Remove bamboo from the planter and spray the soil from the root ball. Prune away ½ inch from the circumference of the root ball with pruning shears. Repot and water generously until the excess water drains from the bottom of the planter.
Place the planter on a tray filled with pebbles and water. Ensure the planter is resting on the pebbles and not directly in the water. As the water evaporates, it creates added humidity to the air around the bamboo.
Allow bamboo to dry between watering to prevent root rot. Water the plant when the top 2 inches of soil are dry. Provide less water in the winter months when the bamboo is dormant.