The Georgia peach tree is a deciduous, perennial that can grow up to 32 feet tall. It blooms early in the spring with a pink, fragrant flower. According to Integrated Pest Management Centers, Georgia ranks second in peach production in the United States. The fruit has a fuzzy texture and is orange-red in color. It is a soft, fleshy fruit that is easy to bruise. Peach trees prefer full sun and a constant supply of water for the best fruit production.
Prune your Georgia peach tree immediately after you plant it. Prune the tree down to 26 to 30 inches tall and prune off all side branches. Leave only the trunk. This will produce a well shaped, open-centered tree.
Remove all of the dead, damaged and diseased limbs after the first year. Remove all limbs that have begun to grow in the center of the tree. Leave lateral limbs to grow upward to give the tree a rounded shape. Cut the limbs at a slight angle and leave a small collar of tissue instead of making a flush cut. This helps the tree to heal faster.
Cut back the low-hanging limbs every year, starting in the second year. Again, remove all diseased and damaged limbs so that the peach tree focuses its energy on developing the healthy branches. The dead limbs will have a dried out, gray appearance.
Thin out any crossing limbs. These limbs will cause the peaches to rub against each other and can encourage disease. Crossing limbs will also shade each other out. Perform the heavy pruning just before the dormant season after you've harvested all the peaches.