Growing your own fruit trees can save money by providing you with your own fresh fruit every year. Home grown fruits are often much better than any variety you can purchase in the store. However, fruit trees can be high maintenance and require a lot of care. Fortunately, some varieties need little more than occasional watering and feeding.
The persimmon is an easy-growing fruit tree that is native to the southeastern part of the United States. Persimmon trees can reach taller than 50 feet in height and produce fruit in the late fall. The fruit is relatively the size of a plum and reaches 1 to 1.5 inches in diameter and is orange to black in color. These trees require little to no pruning or fertilizing and can grow in a wide variety of soils. They prefer full to partial sun and moist soil, though they can survive drought conditions.
The pomegranate is a flowering, deciduous tree that is usually grown as a shrub. It can grow to up to 12 feet in height and is native to the Iranian plateau. It prefers full sun and can tolerate drought conditions. The fruit is purple to red in color and is approximately 2 to 5 inches in diameter. The edible portion of the plant is the bright red seeds that are found in the center of the plant. Pomegranates are frequently used for juice or in pies and tarts.
The fig is a small deciduous tree that is often grown as a shrub. It can grow up to 50 feet tall with leaves that are nearly 12 inches wide. Figs require full sun and well-drained, moist soil and should be protected from extreme cold by planting next to a building or structure. Figs should ripen on the tree because they will not ripen on a countertop. Once the tree has been established, it requires very little care. The trees should be fertilized with 1/2 pound of nitrogen 3 to 4 times per year starting in late winter and ending in July.
The Asian pear is native to Japan, China and Korea. It is also known as the apple pear because of its round shape and crisp texture. The tree blooms in early April and has small, white flowers. Trees grow up to 12 feet tall and 12 feet wide. Asian pears should be planted in full sun and given enough water to keep the soil moist. They require fertilizer during the growing season and require little pruning to maintain the desired shape.