Although native to Japan, 95 percent of all commercial Easter lily bulbs (Lilium longiflorum), are produced on 10 farms along the California-Oregon border. Here, the bulbs spend almost three years developing underground before they're large enough for the potted Easter lily market. Nellie White is the most common cultivar of Easter lily, with large, white fragrant flowers. Easter lilies thrive in moist, cool soil in sunny locations.
Choose a sunny location in which to plant the Easter lily. Amend the soil by pouring 2 inches of peat moss and 2 inches of perlite onto the bed and, using a gardening fork, mixing the amendments to a depth of 6 inches.
Dig a 3-inch hole and place the Easter lily bulb into it. Pour a handful of soil over the roots and use your hands to work it in and around them. Completely fill the hole with soil and use your hands to lightly tamp the soil around it. When planting more than one Easter lily, space them 12 to 18 inches apart.
Add mulch to the soil around the Easter lily. Pour 2 to 3 inches of mulch and spread it out in a 1-foot radius around the plants.
Water the Easter lily and keep the soil moist at all times.
Cut the stems, to the soil, of the old plant as it begins to die back. New growth will appear in its place.