Growing your own pepper plants can supply any variety of fresh peppers to your home from green bell peppers to jalapenos. To grow the best pepper plants, you'll need to make sure you satisfy the needs of your plants for rich, healthy soil, frequent watering, and regular maintenance. After your pepper plants are growing, depending on the type, you can expect to harvest peppers in 60 to 95 days.
Dig the soil in a full sun area of your garden and loosen it 10 inches deep. Spread 4 to 6 inches of rich, organic compost over the bed area and turn the soil to mix it in well with a shovel or rototiller.
Dig a hole for each pepper plant after the danger of frost has passed in your area. Each hole should be twice the size of the pot your seedlings are in and spaced 2 feet apart in a row. Set rows 3 feet apart.
Slip the pot off your seedling carefully and keep as much of the root ball intact as possible. Place the root ball in a hole and move the soil in around it to plant it only as deep as it was in the pot.
Push a 5-foot garden stake into the soil up to 1 foot deep next to the seedling, without pushing it through the root ball. As the plant grows, use plant ties to secure the main stem of the pepper to the stake every 10 to 12 inches.
Water the seedlings enough to thoroughly soak the soil around them, two to three times a week, as needed to maintain the soil moisture. Water more frequently when the small fruits of peppers begin to form on the plants.
Feed the plants by adding 1 to 2 inches of compost around the plants each month and working it into the upper layers of the soil with a cultivator. The steady, slow release of nutrients from regular applications of compost should get the best results from your plant.