An icon of romance, the rose is one of the most recognizable and commonly cultivated type of flower. With more than 100 species to choose from, each with its own unique fragrance and flower, roses are a familiar sight in gardens across the globe. Successfully gardening with roses begins with planting the flower. Following a few rose planting tips will help to yield beautiful flowers.
Before planting even begins, you must pick a site for your new rose bush. Though some rose species will tolerate more shade than others, roses generally require at least four to five hours of sun a day. It's much better to pick a sunny location over a shady location. Pick an area in the garden that has space from other plants. You don't want your newly transplanted rose to fight for nutrients and sun. Different roses prefer different soils, but well-draining soil is essential for any rose. Species like the Cherokee rose prefer a fertile, rich soil, though they will also tolerate sandy, dry soil.
When you've chosen a location, dig a hole that's big enough to comfortably fit the rose's rootball. Add a bit of compost or peat moss to the hole to further promote good drainage, and sprinkle in a light dusting of bone meal. Bone meal is a fertilizer that has phosphorus, something your rose will use to strengthen its roots. Place the plant in the hole and cover up its rootball with soil. Bring the soil up to about an inch of the bud union. You may want to bring the soil up a little further if you live in a cooler climate, as this will warm the plant more. Finish by gently patting the soil around the rose and watering deeply, taking care to avoid splashing the leaves or flowers. Container roses do best when transplanted in early spring.
Nurseries and online rose suppliers often ship roses without soil, hence the name "bare-root roses." Some gardeners also store roses bare-root style during the winter, bringing them out to plant in the spring. Bare-root roses can be planted in the same manner as roses sold with soil, with a few small alterations. First, soak the plant in a bucket of water for a couple of hours to liven up the plant's roots. Then give the plant a little more time to soak up water by filling the hole up halfway with soil, watering deeply and then waiting for the soil to drain. Fill the remaining section of the hole with soil and then gently pat down. Bare root roses should be planted in late winter for best results.