Fresh blueberries are delicious for baking, topping cereal or ice cream, or eating right off the plant. Luckily, even if you don't have a lot of garden space available, you can successfully plant blueberries in containers to grow on a deck or patio. Select a dwarf variety suitable for your region for growing in your container. A few dwarf blueberries to consider are Northsky, Bluecrop, Sunshine Blue and Earliblue.
Fill the bottom 2 inches of your container with gravel. Cover over the gravel with an equal mix of potting soil, compost, and peat moss and fill the container 2/3 full with the soil mix.
Remove the pot from your blueberry plant and untangle any roots wrapping around the base of the root ball. Set the plant into your container and move the soil as needed to set the top of the root ball to run an inch below the top rim of the container.
Fill in the open areas around the root ball of the plant with your soil mix. Fill up the soil to the same level as the top of the root ball. Move the container to an area of full sun so it can get six hours or more of direct sunlight.
Water the plant well enough to moisten the soil throughout. Water the plant as frequently as needed when it is dry an inch below the surface. Layer pine needles over the soil to fill the pot, if desired, to act as mulch and keep moisture in the soil.
Feed the blueberry plant after planting with an acidic fertilizer, according to the directions on the packaging for the amount to use and method of application. Overfertilizing can create excess leaf growth but few berries.