The different kinds of magnolia flowers bloom on over 80 different species of magnolia trees in many different sizes ranging from small to large. Often prized for their fragrance and pleasing visual impact, magnolia flowers generally appear in white, cream and pink hues. Bloom times range from early spring through summer. No matter the flower type, keep magnolia trees in full to partial sun and well-drained, acid soil.
Southern Magnolia Flowers
Southern magnolia (M. grandiflora), also referred to as bull bay, is an evergreen tree that displays cream-hued, large flowers with a diameter measuring 8 to 12 inches. These magnolia flowers are highly fragrant and appear in solitary blooms on the tree in May and June with dark-green leaves. Southern magnolia flowers grow on a tree with a slow/moderate growth rate and a long lifespan; tree height reaches 60 to 80 feet with a width of 30 to 50 feet.
Star Magnolia Flowers
Star magnolia (M. stellata) is a deciduous shrub or small tree that bears small flowers in white or pink. Star magnolia flowers emit a fragrance and bloom in late February and March; following the blossoms is dark-green foliage with leaves that display a lighter green underside. The flowers of the star magnolia tree reach a diameter of 3 to 4 inches. Star magnolia trees have a slow growth rate and reach a height of 15 to 20 feet with a width of 10 to 15 feet.
Sweetbay Magnolia Flowers
Sweetbay magnolia (M. virginiana) is a deciduous to evergreen tree (depending upon region) that displays small flowers and dark-green foliage with leaves bearing a silver hue on the lower surface. Flowers bloom from May through September and reach a diameter of 2 to 3 inches. Sweetbay magnolia trees have a moderate growth rate and reach a height of 40 to 50 feet with a width of 15 to 25 feet.
Saucer Magnolia Flowers
Saucer magnolia (M. x soulangiana) is considered a large deciduous shrub or small tree; magnolia flowers that bloom on the saucer magnolia tree are large multi-hued flowers in white, pink and purple with green foliage. Flowers bloom from February to April and grow to a diameter measuring 5 to 10 inches. With a moderate growth rate, saucer magnolia trees grow to a height and width of 20 to 30 feet.