Many gardeners avoid roses because they are often deemed a difficult plant to grow and hard to care for, but this couldn't be further from the truth. Nowadays, there are so many varieties of roses available that are hardy and able to grow in many different regions, that it is hard to not grow a perfect rose. A little patience and know-how are the main ingredients for growing that perfect rose any gardener would be proud of.
Select a location that receives at least six hours of full sun each day. Some afternoon partial shade is okay, but avoid too much shade which can cause the rose bush to grow too spindly and not produce many blooms.
Provide well-draining soil to grow the perfect rose, since roses do not like soggy soil. Till the ground after the last frost when it is workable and add a couple shovelfuls of compost to make the soil light and fluffy.
Dig a hole for your rose bush that is twice the size of the root ball and place the bush in the hole so the top of the root ball is slightly lower than the ground's surface. Fill in the hole with the soil and tamp down firmly around the base of the plant.
Water the newly planted rose bush thoroughly using a drip irrigation system or a soaker hose. Keep the rose watered well once a week so the soil is moist, letting it dry out down to about 2 inches or so before watering again.
Fertilize a rose bush with a granular rose food and begin the first application after planting. Fertilizer once a month throughout the growing season, from early spring through the end of summer. Stop fertilizing in August to allow the plant to start going into the dormant stage and stop any new growth that can be damaged during the winter months.
Apply a 2-inch thick layer of mulch around the rose bush to help conserve moisture in the soil and keep down any weeds that will compete for nutrients in the soil. Use an organic mulch such as shredded bark, chopped leaves or compost. Reapply the mulch each spring as needed.
Maintain the shape of your rose bush by pruning it each spring as the leaves and rose buds begin to appear. Remove old, dead or crossing canes by cutting clear down to the ground. Snip off any leftover dead flower heads and canes that are smaller than the diameter of a pencil. Shape the rose bush by removing 1/3 of growth off of the remaining healthy canes.