There are about 2,400 species of flowers that grace Romania's three principal climate regions. The Carpathian Mountains, rising to elevations of more than 8,000 feet, are home to various endemic, alpine flora. The country's Dobrogea region represents the flora of central Europe, the Mediterranean and Asia combined, due to its geographic location. The Danube Delta accommodates Romania's water and moor plants and orchid species.
King's Rock Pinks
Native to the Carpathian mountains alone and found only in Romania, king's rock pinks or clove pinks (Dianthus callizonus) feature spectacular, 5-inch pink flowers with white or red markings at their center, and gray green leaves. These evergreens prefer full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil, with a hardy temperature tolerance to about 10 degrees F. Best of all, they require no special attention to do well. Dianthus callizonus is part of the Caryophyliaceae family.
The Carpathian bellflower (Campanula carpatica, or "Blue Clips") produces beautiful and prominent violet blue bell-shaped flowers in the summertime, usually blooming between July and September. Its other common names include Tussock bellflower and Carpathian harebell. Gardeners tend to favor this perennial as a groundcover. The Carpathian bellflower thrives in full sun to light shade and well drained soil, reaching heights of around 12 inches. Promptly cutting away spent flowers will encourage further flowering.
Yellow Wood Violet
The yellow wood violet (Viola biflora) is a strikingly beautiful perennial herb with rich green alternate leaves and a blaze of colorful flowers. The bright yellow petals are purple at the center and the flowers bloom solo or in pairs, as indicated by its botanical name. They are summer bloomers, usually looking their best between May and July. The yellow wood violet grows at high altitudes of over 2,000 feet, and is also common to Scandinavia and the Himalayas. It is a member of the Violaceae or violet family.
White Water Lily
The white water lily (Nymphaea alba) generally flowers in the summer months of July and August, filling the air with a light scent. The crawler species exhibits horizontal roots that form new plants at intervals. The clumper species has vertical roots and flowers more frequently. The white water lily prefers a sunny location and rich soil in slow or still waters. The roots and seeds of this plant have culinary uses. There is also a wide array of medicinal treatments associated with the white water lily, including for bronchial, nervous system and other disorders. It is a member of the Nymphaeaceae family.