Moss is often thought of as a lawn pest, but that is not the case. Moss grows in areas where the soil is moist, acidic and shady. It actually makes an economical and environmentally friendly lawn. It requires little maintenance besides pulling weeds and occasional watering during prolonged dry spells. Moss will stay green year-round in most cases.
Also known as hypnum, sheet moss grows well in the shade but can handle dappled sunlight. This low-growing moss has a medium green color. Sheet moss transplants easily, so you can lay it down in your yard and have a moss lawn quickly. It is also moderately good with foot traffic, although it will grow better with none.
Hair Cap Moss
This type of moss is also known as polytrichum. It likes partial shade and partial sun and prefers sandy soil to compact soil, unlike other types of moss. It forms a dense layer of dark green in color. While it naturally grows on rocks and boulders, it can also be used as a lawn moss.
Cushion moss is known by the name leucobryum as well. It grows in a rounded cushion shape, which gives the moss its name. It likes sandy soil and grows best in shade. Cushion moss is pale green.
Rock Cap Moss
This type of moss also has the name dicranum. While it grows naturally on rocks, it will grow well in a lawn in many cases. Dark green rock cap moss loves deeply shady areas. It will form a dense layer of moss, but burns easily by short contact with direct sunlight. Only plant this moss in areas that do no get direct sun.