Growing cucumbers can be an easy project for any vegetable gardener. While cucumbers will sprawl on the ground like pumpkins if you let them, because the fruits aren't heavy, you can grow cucumbers up a trellis for improved air circulation and easier harvests. While a tomato cage or other trellis system from your local garden center will work fine, you can make a homemade cucumber trellis for little expense and in under an hour.
Lay out your 4- and 6-foot-long 2-by-4 boards on the ground and arrange them to form a rectangular shape with the dimensions of the rectangle being 6 feet tall and 4 feet wide.
Adjust the boards so they rest on their 2-inch sides and butt the ends of the 6-foot-long boards against the inside edges of the 4-foot boards. Drill two galvanized screws into each corner to hold the boards in place and create a frame.
Spread the cattle panel or chicken wire out over the top of the entire frame. Hammer in U-shaped staples along all four edges of the panel or wire and into the frame every 10 to 12 inches.
Select an area of your garden for growing your cucumbers with a 4-by-4-foot bed. Along the back side of the bed, push or hammer your 5-foot-long boards into the ground 6 to 12 inches deep, 4 feet apart. Pack the soil in around the base of your boards.
Stand the wire frame up 6 inches from the front edge of your cucumber bed and slowly tilt it toward the upright boards. The upright boards should run just along the outside edges of the frame. Drill two screws through the upright boards and into the sides of the frame to secure them on each side.
Place two pieces of rebar, spaced 2 feet apart, in front of your frame. Use a rubber mallet to drive the rebar a foot into the ground to keep the frame from adjusting forward.
Plant your cucumbers directly in front of your frame and train them to grow up the trellis. The main body and leaves of the cucumber should remain on top of the trellis, and as fruits appear, look along the underside to make sure they are hanging down under the trellis.