Kinds of Garden Flowers

Flowers are the foundation of any garden, providing color and vibrancy to which nonflowering plants can't compare. There are a number of different plants that flower, from vines to shrubs or low-growing annuals. Choosing the types of flowers that go into the garden is one of the most rewarding parts of gardening.

Rose Mallow

Rose mallow (Hibiscus moscheutos), also called wild cotton, is a wetlands plant native to North America. The bushy plant boasts thick green foliage accented by showy maroon, pink, white or red flowers, which appear in late summer or early fall. The plant can be cultivated in USDA zones 6A to 9A, preferably in a neutral, well drained loam. Rose mallow will tolerate both partial sun and full sunlight, though moist soil is crucial to the plant's health. Rose mallow will even tolerate waterlogged soils, making it ideal for pond sides. The plant works well as a stand alone specimen plant, or as a border. The large flowers of the plant will attract butterflies to the yard.

Mexican Bush Sage

Mexican bush sage (Salvia leucantha) is a flowering member of the mint family native to Central America and Mexico. The evergreen subshrub sports willow like leaves and stalks of fuzzy purple and white flowers, which appear in bright bursts throughout late summer and well into autumn. The sun loving plant is best cultivated in warm climates, ideally USDA zones 8 to 10. Mexican bush sage should be grown in full sunlight in well drained soil. The plant is fairly drought-tolerant once established, and requires little supplemental watering. Mexican bush sage is a good choice for those looking to attract bees, birds and butterflies to the garden.

Arabian Jasmine

A member of the olive family, Arabian jasmine (Jasminum sambac) is a vigorous evergreen vine that is commonly cultivated in India. The plant boasts glossy green leaves and heavily fragrant, waxy white flowers. Easy to grow and largely pest free, Arabian jasmine is a tropical flower that grows best in USDA zones 9 to 11. The plant will tolerate most soils so long as they are kept consistently moist, and the vine will grow in either full sun or partial shade. Arabian jasmine is a lovely container plant, and can be trained to grow up trellises and trees. The plant is considered invasive in some states, so check an invasive plant list before growing.

Keywords: garden flowers, flower types, kinds of flowers

About this Author

Michelle Wishhart is a writer based out of Astoria, Ore. She has been writing professionally for five years, starting with her position as a staff arts writer for an alternative weekly paper in Santa Cruz. She has a B.A. in fine arts from the University of California in Santa Cruz and a minor in English literature.