Evergreen vines grown on walls, trellises, fences and other structures provide color, textural interest and in some instances, landscape privacy. Some vines attract wildlife, such as hummingbirds and butterflies. Use caution when planting fast-growing vines because they tend to take over areas if not pruned occasionally, especially in warm climates. Choose vines appropriate for your particular climate and maintain healthy plants for the best performance.
English ivy (Hedera helix) is a climbing woody vine, rapidly growing 40 feet or more after establishment. Its leaf shape, color and size is highly variable, depending on cultivar and maturity stage. English ivy does not damage walls. Cold-hardy to USDA zone 5, grow English ivy in full sun to deep shade in various soils.
Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica) is a twining evergreen vine of variable size depending on the size of its support. It forms dense, tangled mats of slender reddish-brown stems bearing 3-inch, dark-green leaves. Japanese honeysuckle's fragrant, white, 1 ½-inch flowers are funnel-shaped and fade to yellow after blooming. Japanese honeysuckle is hardy to USDA zone 5 and prefers full sun or partial shade on various soil types. It requires heavy pruning to keep its growth under control.
Flame vine (Pyrostegia venusta) is an evergreen woody vine, rapidly growing up to 30 feet or more. It has compound leaves composed of two to three 3-inch, dark-green leaflets. Flame vine flowers, red-orange and 3 inches long, are tube-shaped and bloom heavily in winter (less so in summer). It is hardy in USDA zones 9b through 11 and prefers full sun and a wide range of soils.
Argentine Trumpet Vine
Argentine trumpet vine (Clytostoma callistegioides), also known as painted trumpet vine, is an evergreen woody vine of variable size depending on the size of its support. Its 4-inch, dark-green leaves are elliptic-oblong with the terminal leaflets modified into tendrils, by which it climbs. Argentine trumpet vine, hardy to USDA zone 8b, prefers full sun or partial shade and nutrient-rich, well-drained soil.