How to Grow Vegetables in the Home


One doesn't have to have an outdoor garden area to grow vegetables at home. You can successfully grow vegetables in your home as long as you have containers to house them in and a place for them to receive at least five hours of direct sun. Growing vegetables in the home is less work, because you don't have to battle weeds and pests and make accommodations for weather conditions. Begin with vegetables used most often and according to the amount of space you have.

Step 1

Gather supplies for your indoor garden. Containers can be various sizes and shapes; hanging baskets also work well with vegetables that vine such as peas and beans. Squash and zucchini require a large container and if you're planting carrots, radishes or lettuce, you might use an oblong container. Each container should have a drain tray.

Step 2

Combine soils into a large container. Use two parts garden soil, two parts potting soil to one part compost.

Step 3

Place a handful of gravel in the bottom of each container to help with drainage and aeration of the soil.

Step 4

Cut a small piece of garden tarp with scissors to place in the bottom of the container. Cut a piece large enough that it will come up (but not over) the sides of the container. Line each container with garden tarp.

Step 5

Fill containers with soil mixture to within two inches of the top of each container and moisten with water. Do not pack the soil; it will settle when water is added.

Step 6

Sow seeds into each container. If planting several types of vegetables, you may wish to record what type and variety you have planted.

Step 7

Cover seeds with up to 1/2 inch of soil and moisten with water.

Step 8

Place containers in an area where they can receive at least five hours of sun each day. While eight to ten hours of sun is ideal, the Arizona Master Gardeners Manual recommends using reflective material such as aluminum foil, white boards, mirrors or marble chips to help increase the amount of sun your plants receive.

Step 9

Monitor your indoor garden daily and water as needed to keep the soil moist while seeds continue to sprout. When sprouts begin to develop leaves, you can begin to allow them to dry somewhat in between waterings.

Things You'll Need

  • Garden containers (with drain trays)
  • Potting soil
  • Compost
  • Garden soil
  • Large tub or container for mixing soils
  • Vegetable seeds
  • Gravel
  • Garden tarp
  • Scissors
  • Water
  • Watering can


  • Arizona Master Gardener Manual: Container Gardening
  • Virginia Cooperative Extension: Vegetable Gardening in Containers
  • University of Maryland Extension: Grow It, Eat It

Who Can Help

  • Oregon State University: Growing Your Own Vegetables--Container Gardening
Keywords: home vegetable garden, indoor vegetable garden, vegetable garden, indoor garden

About this Author

Patricia Hill is a freelance writer who contributes to several sites and organizations, including eHow, Associated Content, Break Studios and various private sectors. She also contributes to the online magazine,