Caring for live palm trees is not difficult, as long as you understand the conditions you are faced with and choose appropriate species. Whether you are planning on keeping a palm outside or inside, knowing the difference among species and understanding fertilizing, watering and care during cold weather events are all important concepts. Despite the challenges that come with raising a tropical plant, palm trees can adapt to a wide range of conditions and live healthy lives with the proper care.
Choose an appropriate species of palm for your purposes or area. Pygmy date palms and lady palms are popular choices for indoor plants, and many different varieties of palms are available for planting outdoors.
Research your palm species to determine the best placement. Some palms, such as royal palms and Washington palms, prefer full sunlight, whereas pygmy date palms and other species prefer partial shade.
Check the soil conditions to ensure that there is good soil for growing palms, which means the soil should be well drained and have a pH of between 6 and 6.5.
Dig a hole just deep enough to cover the roots, preferably at the same depth the palm tree was originally planted.
Brace the newly planted palm tree using burlap padding, strapping and 2-by-4 lumber, for approximately 18 to 24 months to give the root system of the live palm tree time to firmly root in the ground.
Use a granular fertilizer specifically formulated for palm trees that can release nutrients over time to help replenish any nutrients the tree may draw from the soil.
Water established palm trees at least once a week, as needed, to a depth of at least 2 inches. Water new palm trees daily for the first few months.