Anthurium, also known as the flamingo flower, is native to Colombia. Anthurium is an herbaceous plant with glossy, heart-shaped leaves. The flowers have either a red, white, purple or pink spathe, a leaf or leaves, that encloses the flower. The spathe surrounds a spadix, a fleshy spike composed of small flowers, which is known as an inflorescence. Anthurium is often grown as a houseplant and there are more than 1,000 species grown in the tropics.
Anthurium clarinervium is native to Chiapas, Mexico. It is now cultivated widely throughout the U.S. In the wild, it grows in limestone-rich soil in rocky outcrops and has deep roots. The stems are 1/2-inch thick. The stalk of the leaf, or petiole, tapers at the end and is 3 to 6 inches long and 1/2-inch wide. The thick, green leaves are heart-shaped with prominent white veins. The top of the leaves are velvet textured. The inflorescence is twice as long as the leaves. The large, orange berries have one to two seeds each.
The Anthurium scherzerianum is native to Costa Rica and found in higher elevations on mountainsides. In the wild, it grows either in the ground or is epiphytic, which means it grows on another plant. The average height is 3 feet with a width of 1.5 feet. The petioles are long and upright, ranging from 2 to 8 inches. The glossy, green leaves are heart-shaped with 16 to 22 veins each. The leaves have a matte underside. The heart-shaped spathe is pink or red. The spadix is coiled and bright orange-red. The berries are orange or red. The plant does well in high humidity and should be fertilized regularly.
Anthurium podophyllum is native to Oaxaca and Veracruz in Mexico in high elevations to 6,000 feet, according to the University of Connecticut. The plant grows in the ground and is also epipetric, which means it grows on rocks. The plant reaches a height of 3 feet. The petioles are upright. The spear-shaped, glossy green leaves are 15 to 27 inches in length and lobed. Each blade is approximately 2 inches long. The yellowish green inflorescence is pendent, which means it hangs downward. The penducle, the stem that supports the inflorescence, ranges in length from 15 to 40 inches. The berries are orange.