Lawns require maintenance to remain attractive and healthy. Although mowing and watering help keep your lawn alive and looking nice, annual treatments can improve and enhance your lawn's ability to ward off diseases and damage from climate extremes. Encourage healthy growth during the summer and fall by treating your lawn in the springtime. Make spring lawn treatments part of your landscaping routine and enjoy a lush, green lawn throughout the growing season.
Aerate to Improve Air Flow
A buildup of vegetative debris around the bases of your grass's blades, called thatch, limits the amount of air circulation to the lower portions of your lawn. Power raking can pull the thatch out of the grass but does nothing to resolve soil compaction, which can contribute to this buildup. As its name implies, aerating your lawn increases the amount of airflow around your individual grass plants by pulling small plugs out of your lawn. These plugs contain sections of grass blades, roots, soil and thatch. Use an aerator in the early spring, after your grass becomes evenly green. Leave the plugs on your lawn, allowing them to disintegrate and filter their nutrients into your topsoil. Aerating will help water and air flow around the roots and bottom blades of your grass plants.
Although many homeowners and landscapers prefer to fertilize their lawns in the late fall, an additional application in the spring can boost the performance and enhance the color of your lawn. Apply a nitrogen fertilizer to your lawn in late May. Use about a pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet of lawn, spreading it evenly. Use a fertilizer sprayer for liquid formulas or a fertilizer broadcaster to apply granular fertilizers.
Remove the weeds from your grass early in the spring, as soon as they begin to appear in your lawn. The best method, and one that does not require the use of harsh chemicals, involves hand-pulling individual weeds before they have a chance to mature and spread. Water your lawn thoroughly the day before weeding to loosen the soil and encourage easy removal. Apply about 2 inches of water across areas that contain small weed plants. Allow the water to soak into the soil for 12 to 24 hours. Grasp the weed plants near the bottoms of their stems, pulling upwards to remove the entire plants, including the roots.
Apply a herbicide if your weeds cover your lawn, making hand pulling a difficult task. Identify the weeds growing in your lawn and select a herbicide that lists your types of weeds on the list of weeds eradicated. Some herbicides kill annual grass weeds while others destroy broad-leaf weeds. If you can't identify the weeds in your lawn, pull a few to take with you to your local garden center for help in identifying the plants and selecting the proper type of herbicide.