Around 180 species belong to the honeysuckle family (Caprifoliaceae), with all varieties growing throughout the northern temperate regions of the world. These regions range from the Philippines to Mexico, according to Mississippi State University. Woody vines, small trees and shrubs all belong to the honeysuckle family. Tube-shaped flowers appear in various shades of pink, red, yellow, white and orange, depending on the honeysuckle variety. Blossoms are favored by hummingbirds, butterflies and bees.
Because of their wide variety and numerous sizes, ranging from small to large, honeysuckle plants are capable of fitting into virtually any landscape with ease. All enjoy planting locations in full sunlight, but a few will tolerate partial shade. Normally, shading reduces growth and flower production.
Most honeysuckle varieties are sold in 1-gallon containers. For best results, plant in the spring so the plant has time to begin establishing itself before winter sets in. The plant enjoys well-draining soil with ample organic material. Add aged manure and peat moss to the soil before planting. Tilling the soil to a depth of 24 inches will help the plant attain maximum root growth.
Honeysuckle varieties usually are not heavy feeders. Apply a light dose of general-purpose fertilizer, such as 10-10-10 in the spring and again after flowering begins. Keep the soil moist around the honeysuckle, as it does not like water-logged roots. Apply a layer of mulch several inches deep around the base of the honeysuckle in the spring to help keep the soil moist and reduce weed growth. Apply new mulch around the plant in fall to help protect the root system from winter weather.
A few common honeysuckle varieties, such as the Amur, escape cultivation easily and pose a threat to native plant life. Be careful when growing a non-native variety of honeysuckle in a garden setting so it does not escape its confines. Non-native honeysuckle produces white and yellow flowers.
Honeysuckle is quite easy to propagate for the home gardener. Simply removing a clipping of green wood and placing the end of it into water will encourage it to root. Propagation can also be attained by dipping the end of the clipping into a rooting hormone, then placing it in growing medium.