Dwarf fruit trees are the perfect choice for small home gardens. Many are especially attractive planted in containers. These small but productive fruit tree varieties are either genetically compact or are created by grafting a normal-sized fruit tree onto a dwarf or semi-dwarf root stock. Dwarf trees not only are attractive, but they also produce fruit earlier and are easier to care for than their normal-sized counterparts, according to the University of California at Davis.
"Honeycrisp" apple trees are a full-dwarf variety. These trees reach a maximum height and width of only 8 feet, according to Oregon State University. The apples are pale red in color and are desirable for their sweet taste and crispy texture. "Honeycrisp" apples are best eaten right from the tree or used in baking.
"Meyer" lemon trees are a favorite with home gardeners everywhere. The dwarf version of these trees is frequently grown in containers and can be grown indoors or outdoors. Dwarf "Meyers" are attractive, with dark, glossy evergreen leaves and beautiful white flowers that bloom in the spring with a pleasant fragrance. These trees reach a maximum height and width of 8 feet. The "lemons" are actually a cross between an orange and a lemon, according to Washington State University, and are sweet to eat.
"Washington" is a seedless dwarf variety of the naval orange. Another popular choice for container growing, this plant features evergreen leaves, fragrant spring blooms and late summer fruiting. These trees make attractive houseplants and can be pruned to the size you desire. If left unpruned, the maximum height and width this tree will reach is 8 feet. Dwarf orange trees can sometimes take years to produce their first crop of fruit, according to North Dakota State University, so in the meantime, enjoy their beauty as a houseplant.
"Liberty" is a semi-dwarf apple tree that is desirable for its hardiness. This tree, which will grow up to 10 feet tall, is not usually planted in containers but in home gardens, where it is resistant to many of the diseases that can plague fruit trees such as rust, blight and scab. The bright-red apples are attractive, crunchy and have a pleasantly tart taste. They are good for making applesauce and juices or eating straight off the tree.