If you have promised someone or yourself a rose garden, then for best results, plan it before you dig your first hole or purchase your first rose. Roses are as popular as they are varied. You can plant roses directly in the ground or in containers. Visit local nurseries, neighbors' gardens and botanical gardens to see, touch and smell as many types of roses as you can.
Plan your rose garden to fit with the purpose you want it to serve. Some people choose to take advantage of the large variety of shapes and colors they in the rose family to create a garden with strong visual appeal. Other people want a garden with memorable scents. Roses are highly fragrant and produce a wealth of scents. Planning your garden allows you to sample scents of different cultivars before you add them to your garden.
Gardeners have a vast array of roses from which to choose to plant in their gardens. Although the sheer numbers increase the number of decisions gardeners make, it also increases the chance everyone can find something to suit their taste and skill level. Roses grow as bushes, shrubs and climbing vines. By planning your garden, you can make the best use of your space by figuring out, before you plant, how you can incorporate one or all of these types of roses. You will need to provide climbing roses with a place to climb and some support to hold them upright. In this instance, you will have to add hardscape to your rose garden plans.
Roses grow in hot, cold and moderate climates. Planning lets you find the right rose for your hardiness zone. Take care to plant your bare root roses at the proper depth for your zone. If you are in a colder climate you will need to plant your roses a little deeper than gardeners in warmer climates, according to Rose Magazine. Roses perform best when you place them where they will receive direct sunlight for at least six hours per day. Provide them with fertile soil, rich in humus.
Most people have an easier time appreciating the planning that goes into a formal garden; however, even rambling rose gardens benefit from planning. Formal gardens tend to exhibit clearly identifiable shapes, uniform spacing and straight lines. Shrubs and bushes work well in formal gardens, as do climbing roses when they are trained to grow along a trellis or arbor. Informal gardens allow for a more organic layout. The key to success is to mimic nature, but with your choice of plants placed where you want them.
Multiple pests are attracted to roses and they are susceptible to many diseases, according to Fine Gardening magazine. However, you can minimize many of the problems with planning. Install a programmable sprinkler system or create a schedule where you can water your plants early in the day to give the leaves a chance to dry to avoid rot. Space your plants where air can flow freely among them. Choose disease-resistant hybrids. Locate the plants where you can monitor their condition regularly and address problems quickly.