Deer wandering onto urban property to feed can present a hazard to humans as well as the deer themselves, as they are more likely to be hit by automobiles when going from one location to another. These deer also cause homeowners financial heartbreak by destroying expensive landscaping and garden crops. Fortunately, they can be safely and humanely repelled with deer-resistant plants.
Purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) is a perennial flower that can grow between 2 and 5 feet high. This flower has deep pink or purple petals extending from a deep red center and somewhat resemble a brightly colored daisy. There is only one bloom per stem. This flower is actually considered an herb and is used to produce the herbal supplement echinacea. The flowers bloom from April through September. This plant attracts bees and butterflies to a garden. The presence of bees often also serves as a deterrent to deer. Purple coneflower grows well in areas of the United States east of Kansas. It is a good choice as a border in flower gardens, containers or herb gardens.
Baby's breath (Gypsophila paniculata) has white or pale pink flowers that bloom during the summer. This plant is often used to accent floral arrangements or in making corsages. Baby's breath grows to a height of 18 to 36 in. tall when planted in full sun and well-drained soil. It should not be cut back once established, but simply allowed to flourish. This plant grows well in most parts of the United States, excepting states near the Canadian border. It is a good choice as an accent for a flower or herb garden and may also be grown in containers.
Russian sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia) is an herb which emits a fragrance that deer do not like. The long green stems grow in a bush-like pattern and can reach heights of up to 3 feet. During the mid-summer months, the low-maintenance Russian sage will sprout lavender flowers that remain until early fall. These plants grow well in dry soil and full sunlight. Russian sage may be planted along the edge of a vegetable garden, in herb gardens or near shrubs. They may even be planted in containers so they can be set where needed to repel deer. Russian sage flourishes in the western and southern United States.
Boxwood shrubs are evergreen shrubs comprised of several twigs or small branches, which have pairs of tiny leaves along the entire length. These leaves are thick, tough and shiny dark green. Boxwood shrubs do well when planted next to a house or other building, as they prefer at least some shade during the day. Growth is moderate, so trimming is necessary only one or two times a year. These plants need to be watered if drought-like conditions are present. Boxwood shrubs grow in all areas of the United States with the exception of the north-central part of the country.