Propagation of Kalanchoe

Overview

Kalanchoe plants are succulent flowers with dark green leaves that are thick and designed to store water. The red, magenta, pink, orange, yellow and white flowers contain four petals and its blossoms cluster above the leaves to create a dramatic show. It is commonly used in containers as centerpieces, dish gardens and patio gardens. Kalanchoe requires little maintenance to stay healthy and it enjoys full sunlight and good-draining soil. Propagation is accomplished through stem cuttings.

Step 1

Wash a 6- to 8-inch plant pot with soapy water. Rinse the plant pot with one part bleach and nine parts water to sterilize it. This reduces the chance of spreading plant disease and insect pests. Wash and rinse a sharp knife.

Step 2

Cut a 2 to 3 inch long stem piece without flowers with a sharp knife. Include at least two pairs of leaves on the stem. Make the cut just below a node, which is where the leaves attach to the stem.

Step 3

Remove the bottom set of leaves from the cutting to expose the node and create a bare stem. Nodes tend to sprout roots more quickly than other stem parts. Lay the stem cutting in a dark area for a few days until a callus forms at the base.

Step 4

Mix together equal parts of peat moss and perlite. This creates a quick-draining rooting medium for your cuttings. Fill your plant pot with your soil mixture. Spray the soil with water until it is wet. Insert the kalanchoe cutting in the soil.

Step 5

Enclose your plant pot in a large, clear plastic bag to create an area of high humidity. Place your plant pot in a warm area with bright, indirect light. Your kalanchoe cutting is ready for transplanting in 14 to 21 days.

Tips and Warnings

  • Kalanchoe plants are damaged when over-watered. Too much water causes root rot. Let the soil dry slightly between waterings. Do not let the plant sit in water.

Things You'll Need

  • Plant pot
  • Soap
  • Water
  • Bleach
  • Sharp knife
  • Kalanchoe plant
  • Peat moss
  • Perlite
  • Spray bottle
  • Clear plastic bag

References

  • Clemson University Extension: Kalanchoe
  • Auburn University: Kalanchoe
Keywords: propagating kalanchoe plants, stem cuttings, propagating succulents

About this Author

Karen Carter has spent the last three years working as a technology specialist in the public school system. This position included hardware/software installation, customer support, and writing training manuals. She also spent four years as a newspaper editor/reporter at the Willapa Harbor Herald.