Honeysuckle, a member of the Caprifoliaceae family, is a fast growing perennial that's considered both a tall shrub and vine. It produces sweet, edible nectar and is known for its scented blooms. You can plant it as a ground cover, along fences or trellises. There are about 180 species of honeysuckle. It can reach lengths of 10 to 20 feet, depending on the variety. The Asian varieties produce more berries and are considered invasive by some growers.
Plan to plant your honeysuckle in the fall or early spring.
Choose a sunny planting site that has well-draining soil. If you intend to have the plant act as a climber, the site should have a structure that will support the plant as it grows. Support structures include fences, trellises, arbors, lattice and other similar objects. If you plan to grow honeysuckle as a ground cover, you don't need a support structure.
Dig a hole that is twice as deep and three times as wide as the plant's rootball or growing container. If you are planting multiple honeysuckles, space them 5 feet apart.
Place the plant into the hole. Backfill with soil until the hole is half full. Add water to the planting hole. After the water drains from the planting hole, finish filling it with soil and water again.
Cut the shrub down to 18 inches if it exceeds that height. Cut off any broken stems.
Tie the vine loosely to its support structure if you intend to use the plant as a climber.
Add 3 to 4 inches of mulch around the base of the plant to a diameter of 12 to 18 inches.
Water the growing site deeply every seven days, from spring through fall, if your area receives no weekly rainfall.
Apply slow-release fertilizer each spring. Avoid fertilizing during the first growing season, as it can shock the plant.