Aloe vera is a succulent commonly planted for its aesthetic appeal, low water needs and aloe vera gel. It grows happily in a pot, which is good news for gardeners who live in places other than the hot, dry climate that aloe vera needs to thrive. Aloe vera needs minimal care when grown as a houseplant. It will, however, need to be repotted once every two to three years as its roots outgrow its pot.
Cover the drainage hole in the pot with a piece of broken clay pot, concave side down, so that it does not block the hole but allows water to drain while keeping the soil inside.
Fill the pot to within 1/2 inch of its lip with slightly moistened potting soil formulated for succulents or cacti (or any soil with maximum drainage and aeration).
Remove the aloe vera plant from its current pot. Turn the pot over on its side, bang the side of the pot with the palm of your hand to loosen the soil, then pull the aloe vera plant out of the pot by pulling on the base of the plant.
Brush any loose soil off of the aloe vera plant's roots and inspect them. Use sharpened pruning shears to prune away any roots that are black, soggy and foul-smelling or broken.
Plant the aloe vera plant in its new pot so it sits at the same depth in the new pot as it did in the old one.
Spread a 1/2- to 1-inch layer of fine gravel around the surface of the soil.
Place the pot in indirect sunlight and withhold water for two to three weeks. After that healing period, resume normal care and full sun.