Pepper plants love the heat of summer. Starting pepper seeds requires the same warm and moist conditions. According to Oregon State University, the seeds should be planted in April, or at least six to eight weeks prior to last frost in your growing area. While the pepper plant may be a challenge to grow due to its love for warm temperatures and long sun-lit days, the rewards are many. Starting your own pepper plants from seeds is not only economical, but also provides a sense of pride in harvesting the variety of peppers available.
Fill the peat pots with a sterile seedling potting mix. Peat pots will range from multi-cell units to individual pots that vary in size from 1 1/2 inches in diameter to 4 inches in diameter.
Add water to the peat pots and soil mixture. The peat pots and soil must absorb the water. Allow all excess water to drain from the soil and peat pots. Usually this will take no more than five minutes. The moist potting soil will settle to below the top lip of the peat pot.
Place one pepper seed in each peat pot, or individual cell.
Sprinkle dry potting soil over the seed, approximately 1/8 inch deep.
Water the seed to moisten. Add a little more dry soil if the seed becomes exposed to the air.
Place a single piece of the plastic food wrap over the peat pot to retain moisture and increase the warmth to the seed.
Set the peat pot in a warm location, above 70 degrees F. Keep the soil and seeds moist. In the best of conditions, warm and moist, the seeds will begin to break through the thin soil in less than one to two weeks. Remove the food wrap from the top of the peat pot when the seedling breaks through the soil.