Large tropical houseplants bring color and texture to an interior and act as an accent or focal point in a room, hallway or foyer. Among the endless choices of tropical plants suitable for indoor use, there are plants for almost any condition: low light, medium or high light situations. Keep in mind that homes are often much less humid than plants prefer. Consider using room humidifiers, grouping potted plants together or misting plants often to increase available humidity.
The snake plant (Sansevieria trifasciata laurentii) has long, sword-like, pointed leaves in various shades of green, striped with golden-yellow. It grows up to 3 feet tall and its leaves are unaffected by shade. Snake plants are very durable houseplants.
The split-leaf philodendron (Monstera deliciosa), also known as ceriman, Swiss cheese plant or Mexican bread fruit, is a large plant suitable for a foyer or hall. Outdoors it grows 30 feet or more. Split-leaf philodendron has glossy-green, notched and perforated leaves that are 5 foot long to 3 foot wide. It likes rich, moist soils, partial to deep shade and a warm indoor environment.
The fiddle-leaf fig (Ficus lyrata) grows up to 40 feet tall outdoors, but is much smaller when confined to container growth. It doesn't like wide fluctuations in temperature and needs warmth during the winter months. Fiddle-leaf figs prefer moist soil, but allow to dry slightly between watering. They prefer medium to high indirect sunlight (bright, indirect light, 4 to 10 feet from east, south or west windows).
Dracaenas (Dracaena marginata) are evergreen shrubs with multiple, irregular stems and an upright, spreading form. Their strap-like leaves clump into tufts at the ends of branches. The leaves are up to 18 inches long, with purplish stripes around the margins. The entire plant is capable of reaching up to 12 feet tall with variable spread. For optimum growth, provide medium sunlight and moist soil.
Flamingo flowers (Anthurium andraeanum) grows to 3 feet tall, with a 4-foot spread. Its leaves are medium-green and up to 10 inches long and 5 inches wide. Its unusual blooms are comprised of a brilliant scarlet spathe and golden-yellow spadix on stems 15 to 20 inches long. Flamingo flowers prefer high humidity levels, rich and moist soils, and low to medium light conditions.