Indoor gardening is a good place for novice gardeners to start. Although the light level changes with the weather, the gardener can control the temperature and amount of water the plant receives.This reduces the number of things that can go wrong and lets the new gardener get used to caring for plants in a mild and stress-free environment.
Indoor Herb Gardens
Many culinary herbs work well in indoor gardens, They're compact, do well in indoor light and are within easy reach when cooking. Place seeds or starters for basil, chives, oregano, parsley and other indoor favorites in moist, well-drained soil in a window planter. Place the planter in the sunniest window in your kitchen (ideally, a south-facing window). If your kitchen doesn't have good sun exposure, use another room with better light. Once the plant establishes itself, break off leaves (or, in the case of chives, whole stems) and use them in preparing meals. Fresh herbs are generally much more flavorful than dried ones, so a little bit will go a long way.
Air Quality Gardening
Plants, in general, are good for indoor air quality. They absorb carbon dioxide and indoor pollutants while releasing fresh oxygen. Certain plants, however, are particularly good at improving indoor air quality. According to My New Place, areca palm and mother-in-law's tongue are good oxygen producers. A money plant is effective at filtering out formaldehyde, a common indoor pollutant. According to Zone 10, a NASA study recommended mother-in-law's tongue along with bamboo palm, Chinese evergreen, English ivy, gerbera daisy, Janet Craig, marginata, mass cane, pot mum, peace lily and Warneckii as effective plants for cleaning indoor air pollutants.
If you want a compact, low-maintenance indoor garden with exotic appeal, create a cactus terrarium. Fill a broad, shallow terra-cotta planter about one-third of the way full with a cactus soil mix. Place a few small cactii and cover the roots with more soil. Arrange decorative rocks between the cactii and add a thin layer of red aquarium gravel to create a miniature landscape. Place the terrarium in a sunny window. Water it about once or twice a month. Give the cactii time-released cactus food every spring, according to the directions on the container.