Blueberries are perennials that are native to North America. These shrubs are evergreen and can grow up to 14 feet tall. The fruit of the blueberry bush is pale green in the beginning and turns a deep blue color when it is ripe. Blueberries are grown and used for their fruit and in pies, cakes, muffins, jellies and cereal. The fruit typically is ready for harvest from May to August depending on where they are grown.
Choose a location to plant your blueberry plants that receives full sun for at least six to eight hours a day. Blueberries will produce more fruit when they are planted in an open area that is not surrounded by trees.
Use a soil test kit to check the pH of the soil before you plant your blueberries. Soil pH should be between 4.0 to 5.0. Mix 1 lb. of elemental sulfur for every 100 square feet of soil in order to lower the pH. For sandy soil, if the soil pH is too low, add 35 lbs. of lime for every 1,000 square feet of soil.
Add 4 to 6 inches of organic material in the soil. Add compost, manure or lawn clippings in order to maintain an acidic soil.
Plant your blueberry bushes in spring from late April to early May. Dig a hole that is the same depth as the container that the blueberries came in. Cover the roots with 3 to 4 inches of soil. Space the plants 3 to 4 feet apart so the shrubs will have room to grow.
Cover the soil at the base of the plants with 2 to 4 inches of mulch. The mulch will help maintain moisture in the soil and will help control weeds.
Water your blueberry bushes with 1 to 2 inches of water per week during the growing season from early spring to late fall.