The American beech tree (Fagus grandifolia), native to North America, is a deciduous tree that can grow to more than 100 feet in height with a 120-foot spread. The American beech tree is slow-growing, shade-tolerant and moisture-loving. In its native range it thrives with 30 to 50 inches of rain per year. The American beech tree is hardy to USDA Zones 4 through 8.
Maintain a weed-free area within a 3-foot radius of the beech tree. This tree tends to have a shallow root system and weeds compete for moisture and soil nutrients.
Water the beech tree to keep the soil consistently moist, but not soggy. Use a soaker hose, set on the soil 1 foot out from the dripline (the widest part of the tree's canopy) to deliver water deeply and slowly.
Fertilize the beech tree with a 4-6-4 formula (such as Safe 'N Simple or Holly-tone) in early April, late May, early July and mid-August. Apply the fertilizer to the soil at the drip line and don't allow it to touch the bark or the foliage. Use the rate suggested on the fertilizer package and water after applying.
Prune the beech tree while it is dormant to remove any dead or diseased wood and any branches that are crossing over others.