The grasslands that are also called the prairie support a vast array of shrubs and flowering plants in addition to the predominant prairie grass. Hardy, tough and easily grown, prairie flowers will bloom reliably in your perennial border, taking up the slack when more temperamental varieties struggle.
A native American wildflower, the maximilian sunflower (Helianthus maximiliani) produces sunflowerlike 3-inch flowers on the upper half of its unbranched stems. It grows from 3 to 10 feet high, depending on moisture levels and soil fertility. Although it is not fussy about fertile soil, it requires full sun to grow well and produce flowers. Maximilian sunflowers bloom from July through October, but require two years to become established and begin blooming.
Blazing Star Liatris
A native American wildflower, blazing star liatris (Liatris aspera) is a tall, erect-growing perennial with a long, spiked flower stem. The small inflorescences grow in pairs near the upper portion of the stem, creating the impression of a flowering spike. The long leaves grow below the flower heads. Grow liatris in full sun with moderate moisture. It prefers the rich soil of woodlands and prairies and thrives in sandy, loamy soil.
Native to the Midwest and Southeast, purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) is one of the most well-known native American wildflowers. It grows 2 to 3 feet tall and thrives in woodlands and other areas with fertile, well-drained soil. The daisylike flowers have a prominent dark center that rises up above the flower petals, which are naturally down-cast, making the center seem even more prominent. Purple coneflower is an easy to grow perennial that prefers full sun.