The soils in Romania provide a lush environment for several flowering plants that are found in the United States as well. The soil is mostly fertile across Romania, with a largely decomposed limestone base in Western Romania. The eastern region of the country offers a rich soil, chernozem. This is commonly referred to as black earth. These soil varieties allow a vast array of plants to thrive.
Dog rose (Rosa canina) is available in two varieties, with either a self-supporting stalk or in a climbing variety. Offering a colorful display, these blooms appear in June and July. Dog rose thrives in almost any soil type except very dry or very waterlogged soil.
Crocus (Crocus banaticus) grows into a wide perennial. Only 10 cm high, the crocus is a great addition to the flowerbed as a ground cover. The small, purple flowers blossom in the fall before the plant sheds its leaves in the winter. This bulbous plant is native to Romania, growing in cool, moist conditions. The crocus outer petals are longer than the inner, creating an iris-like appearance.
Epilobium (onagraceae) is grown in 14 differing species in Romania. It thrives in humid spaces. Epilobium flower parts have been used in folk medicine for generations and are often referred to as fuchsia as this vibrant plant does resemble the fuchsia flower in color. Epilobium is a perennial herb, which is listed as a weed in the United States. The average height of Epilobium is 3 to 6 feet. Generally found in clumps, the plant multiplies allowing it to cover a substantial space.
Lilac (syringa) is a deciduous tree or shrub with a smooth bark. It grows readily throughout Romania, reaching a height of 7.5 m. The flowers of this plant are rich in nectar and attract bees and butterflies. Flowering from mid-April throughout the summer, the lilac offers blooms ranging from white to a deep purple.