The flower of a blooming plant is usually the part that is enjoyed and prized the most. It also has the important job of reproduction. The term imperfect, or simple, flower goes to those that are either male or female. In this type of plant, the female flower is pollinated by the male flower via insects or wind. Perfect flowers contain both male and female attributes within the same flower. Roots and leaves are important parts of a flowering plant, but not a parts of the flower.
The petals of the flower are the most noticeable part, as they have the color that decorates the landscape. The petals attract people, but also insects that will eat from and pollinate the flower. Petals grow between the flower's calyx and the reproductive seed-bearing center of the flower.
The calyx is the bunch of small leaves at the base of the petals. The individual calyx leaves are called sepals. The calyx protects the flower while it is in the bud stage of development.
The stalk, also called the stem, holds the flower in a position to be seen and pollinated by insects. It helps with human enjoyment as well, allowing flowers to be placed in vases and bouquets.
Receptacles are the part of the flower that connects the visible flower with the stalk. The fruit and blooms of fruit-bearing trees and blossoming plants often forms in the receptacle.
The pistil is a combination of ovules and carpels, and is the central part of the reproduction system in a female flower. The ovules are the flower's eggs that form into seeds after it's fertilized. The carpel encompasses the ovary, style and stigma of the female flower.
The stigma is the part of the flower's female reproductive system that receives pollen from insects. It has a sticky covering that holds onto pollen as it is deposited.
The style is a tube-like structure between the stigma and the ovary. Pollen falls down this tube from the stigma and fertilizes the ovules.
The stamen is the culmination of the anther and filament, the male flower's reproductive system. The anther produces the pollen, held in sacs, that fertilizes the female flower's ovules. The filament is a tiny stem that connects the anther to the flower.