Roses come in many varieties, from repeat bloomers to one-time bloomers, old-fashioned roses, English roses, tea roses, climbing roses, hybrids and many more. However, each variety of rose needs a basic type of pruning to keep in growing well and looking lovely in your yard. Many types of rose bushes can get out of hand if they are not trimmed back at least once a year.
Remove the spent blooms of vigorous rose varieties, such as hybrid roses and floribuds, as they occur. Cut the rose back to the first outward-facing leaf bud, making the cut at a 45-degree angle. For shrub and old-fashioned rose varieties, just brush off the spent petals but leave the rose hip intact.
Cut off any dead, damaged or diseased foliage on the rose bushes in the spring. Dead foliage is brown or black. Cut it back to the crown of the rose bush with the shears or saw. Clean the pruning equipment with the bleach after each cut to prevent the spread of disease.
Remove any weak, crossing or rubbing canes from the entire rose bush in the spring. Cut them back at a 45-degree angle to the first outward-facing leaf bud.
Remove any suckers rising up from the rootstock of the rose bush in the spring. Cut them back to the trunk of the rose bush.
Prune back all canes to a uniform height each spring, between 1 and 1 ½ feet tall, except on rambling and climbing roses. Only prune rambling and climbing roses after they have flowered in the summer. Cut back all of the flowering canes and leave the new growth for next year.
Trim the roses into your desired shape.