Ryegrass is known scientifically as Lolium. It is a genus that is part of the Poaceae family, and it is comprised entirely of tufted grasses. Ryegrass is also frequently referred to as tares. The grass originates in north Africa, Europe and Asia, but is widely grown all over the planet. It often appears as pasture or lawn grass. There are several benefits that are commonly associated with ryegrass.
Ryegrass is beneficial for the control and management of erosion. The grass functions as rapid and convenient ground cover after the harvesting of either seed corn or corn silage. This, in turn, works efficiently for erosion control. The absence of residue combined with the earlier harvest time helps with the control of erosion, as well.
Ryegrass is highly resistant to drought. Artificial compaction and natural hardpan stop the roots of soybean and corn from receiving deep and sufficient moisture. Ryegrass produces macropores to allow soybean and corn roots to get to the moisture that is situated under hardpan. This process takes about four years of constant "no-till" for this to happen.
Ryegrass is a vigorous and strong seedling that rapidly creates a cover that can compete against annual weeds in the winter months. This helps to suppress the spreading of weeds.
Ryegrass is beneficial as it can enhance and improve soil, along with improving the soil's fertility. Ryegrass creates biomass that, after the cover crop is completely burned in the spring months, can raise the organic matter of the soil, as well as its fertility.