Fruit plants grow in all parts of the country and are small enough to fit in any size garden. The plants provide not only fruit, but also add color from the leaves and flowers. Use bush types as a garden border or a living fence. Vines grow over trellises and create shade. Small plants do well in containers and hanging baskets. Plants that produce fruit have many uses besides culinary ones.
Fox grape (Vitis labrusca "Concord") is a vine that grows from 15 to 20 feet long and is trained to grow up and over an arbor. Flowers in a shade of green bloom in May and June and are followed by blue-black grapes in clusters. The plant is hardy in USDA zones 5 to 8 and needs full sun and a deep, rich, moist, well-drained soil. The flowers are a favorite meal for bees, and the fruit makes juice, jam, jelly and a sweet wine.
Highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum "Bluecrop") is hardy in USDA zones 5 to 7. The plant grows from 6 to 8 feet tall with an equal spread. White, bell-shaped flowers bloom in May and are followed by light blue fruits. Egg-shaped, dark green leaves grow from 3 to 5 inches long and turn red in the fall. Plant highbush blueberry in full sun or partial shade and in a soil that is organic, rich, moist and well-drained.
Black currant (Ribes nigrum "Ben Sarek") grows from 3 to 4 feet tall and 3 to 4 feet wide. Green-yellow flowers grow in clusters, bloom in April and are followed by clusters of fruit that ripen in June and July. Plant black currant in full sun or partial shade and in a soil that is organic, rich, moist and well-drained. The plant should be sheltered from high winds. The bush is hardy in USDA zones 3 to 7. The fruit is used in the making of jam, jelly and pie.
Strawberry (Fragaria X ananassa) is a member of the rose family. The plant grows from 4 to 6 inches tall and sends out runners that develop additional plants. Leaves are dark green and palm shaped and the round flowers are pink or white. Varieties labeled ever-bearing produce fruit throughout the growing season. June-bearing varieties are most productive in the spring and early summer. Plant strawberries where they get sun all day long and in a sandy, moist, well-drained soil. Strawberries are hardy in USDA zones 2 to 11.