Including a few trees that bloom flowers in your landscape will provide more than bloom, according to the University of Missouri Extension. Many flowering trees have additional ornamental features like attractive bark, colorful autumn foliage, or edible or ornamental fruit. Concentrating on those varieties can maximize your enjoyment of your blooming trees. Choose flowering trees that match your garden's dimensions and position them where larger shade trees provide a suitable background.
Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is a 20- to 40-foot, rounded, early-blooming tree. Between March and May, it fills woods, thickets and stream banks, from Maine south to Florida and west to Texas, with clouds of fragrant white or pink, 3- to 4-inch flowers. The blooms appear on the trees' horizontal branches before their green leaves emerge. Bright red berries follow the flowers, providing food for birds and small mammals. Flowering dogwood's scarlet autumn foliage gives this tree three seasons of garden interest. Plant this tree, recommends the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, in partial to full shade. It likes organically-rich, well-drained acidic (pH below 6.8) soil. Sand or loam is best.
A member of the rose family, Washington hawthorn (Crataegus phaenopyrum) is a heavily branched, round tree. Standing up to 30 feet high, it has a short trunk and erect branches with triangular green leaves. In June, Washington hawthorn has clusters of fragrant white blossoms similar to those of apple trees. They precede heavy clusters of brilliant red berries that remain on the trees into the winter. The berries contrast strikingly with the tree's silvery bark. They also complement the yellow, scarlet or orange fall foliage. Plant Washington hawthorn, recommends the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, in full sun. It likes moist, pH-neutral soil. Note that this tree's thorns make it an excellent shelter for nesting birds. It's unsuitable, however, for areas where children play.
Yellow buckeye (Aesculus flava) is a 50- to 75-foot tree with heavy branches that brush the ground. It has an irregular to oval form. It grows wild on mountain slopes and stream banks from Pennsylvania to Alabama and west to Ohio. Yellow buckeye has compound, deep green leaves that provide red or orange autumn color. Between April and June, according to the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, the tree has upright spikes of pale yellow flowers. Its buckeye nuts, appearing in summer, have tan outer husks. Squirrels feed on them, but the raw buckeyes are toxic to people. Plant yellow buckeye in full shade and consistently moist, well-drained, organically rich soil.