The Care of Grass & Lawns


When caring for grass and lawns, it is essential to provide nutrients for green, thick growth. Water, fertilizer and mowing are all important. They keep grass healthy and increase fertility. Over time, grass loses nutrients. That's why you may notice sparse growth with gaps. If you pay attention to your lawn and spend a few minutes caring for it, it will look much better. In no time, you'll have a lush, vibrant, green lawn.

Step 1

Water your lawn it the rainfall is not sufficient. Check for wilting by walking on the grass. If the footprint is still visible, add 1 inch of water. Deep, long waterings are better than short, frequent ones.

Step 2

Mow grass so it is 2 1/2 inches tall. Taller is always healthier than shorter grass. Never cut off more than one-third of the leaf blade at a time.

Step 3

Fertilize grass with a product containing a lot of nitrogen. This will make the grass greener. Look for a nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium ratio of 4:1:2 or 3:1:2.

Step 4

Use 3 lbs. of nitrogen per 1,000 square foot of grass annually. Apply 1 lb. per 1,000 square foot at each feeding.

Step 5

Feed cool season grasses such as bluegrass, fescue and ryegrass at the start of autumn. Another application in the mid-spring will promote thicker foliage and top growth.

Step 6

Apply food to warm season grasses such as zoysie and bermuda grass during the summertime. Use a time-release formula for less work and good results.

Step 7

Fill a broadcast spreader with the appropriate amount of grass seed. Use the fertilizer bag for instructions.

Step 8

Water your lawn after fertilizing to help the nutrients reach the roots. It's best to water grass in the earlier part of the day, before it gets too hot.

Tips and Warnings

  • Do not fertilize cool season grasses in the late spring or summer. Never apply too much fertilizer. It will burn the grass. Avoid watering your lawn in the evening because this increases the chance to fungal infestation.

Things You'll Need

  • Lawn mower
  • Fertilizer
  • Spreader


  • Seedland: Fertilizers
  • Star Tribune: Fertilize for 'Green' Green Grass
  • University of Illinois Board of Trustees: Choosing Fertilizers for Home Lawns
  • University of Illinois Board of Trustees: Fertilizing Schedule for Home Lawns
  • Plant-Care: Lawn Care Tips
Keywords: grass care, water grass, lawn care

About this Author

Kelly Shetsky has been a broadcast journalist for more than 10 years, researching, writing, producing and reporting daily on many topics. In addition, she writes for several websites, specializing in medical, health and fitness, arts and entertainment, travel and business. Shetsky has a Bachelor of Arts in communications from Marist College.