Seasoned gardeners know that there is often no need to purchase a manufactured compost bin. In fact, it is possible to compost material by just creating a large pile in your yard. Bin composting is far more common, however, and it can be accomplished with little expense. With just a few modifications, a large garbage can compost just as quickly and thoroughly as any compost bin purchased from a retailer.
Wash the garbage can and lid with soap and water.
Drill 30 evenly spaced holes at least 6 inches apart in the sides of the garbage can and approximately five holes in the bottom of the garbage can to help aerate the compost.
Spread a 3-inch layer of wood chips over the bottom of the garbage can to help the compost pile drain.
Add one to two handfuls of garden soil to introduce the microorganisms responsible for decomposing organic material.
Place the lid on the garbage can composter and move it to a sunny spot in your yard.