Habanero peppers are considered one of the hottest peppers in the world. The peppers are often used in hot sauce and are 200 to 300 times hotter than the jalapeno pepper. The mature habanero is 1 1/2 inches long and orange or red in color. Care should be used when harvesting the peppers, as the capsaicin in the peppers can cause skin burns or other skin irritation. The seeds themselves can also cause irritation for those with sensitive skin. Habaneros, like other peppers, need very warm soil and are best started indoors approximately six weeks before transplanting to the garden.
Set the peat pots in a planting tray. The tray will keep the peat pots stable while the habanero seeds germinate and the seedlings grow.
Fill the peat pots with soil to within 1/4 inch of the top of the pot. Water the pots until both the soil and the pots are moist throughout.
Cover your hands with rubber gloves and place one to three habanero seeds in each peat pot. The gloves will ensure that you do not get the capsaicin on your hands.
Press the seeds into the moist soil and cover them with an additional 1/4 inch of potting soil.
Cover the pots with a layer of plastic wrap and place the tray in a warm area. Remove the plastic wrap after the seedlings of the plant appear above the soil.
Thin the peat pots to one plant each after the two primary leaves appear. Choose the strongest plant to keep in the pot.
Transplant the habanero seedling plants to the garden after the soil temperature reaches 75 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Dig holes only slightly larger than the peat pots using the garden spade. Cover the pots completely in the holes using the removed dirt.