Asian pears offer a ready to eat, crisp fruit that stores well for several months. The Asian pear tree has been grown for centuries, and the Japan market grows and exports Asian pears around the world, according to Purdue University. Once established, the tree offers ease of care and abundant fruit production. Commercial Asian pear production centers in regions of California, Oregon and Washington. Hundreds of varieties of Asian pears exist, with 25 types playing a prominent role in commercial U.S. production.
Plant Asian pear trees in full sunlight for best fruit production. Choose a site that offers well-draining soil. A soil pH of 6.0 to 6.5 is ideal.
Space Asian pear trees 15 feet apart. Mix aged manure into the soil until it feels crumbly to the touch. Dig the planting hole twice as wide as the root system of the tree.
Plant the Asian pear tree at the same planting depth as the nursery. Tamp the soil down around the tree's root system to remove air pockets.
Water the newly planted Asian pear tree thoroughly. Keep the soil moist. The tree enjoys moist soil conditions but does not tolerate a waterlogged root system.
Fertilize the Asian pear tree using a general purpose 15-5-10 fertilizer when growth commences. Apply 1/2 cup per tree. Sprinkle in a 2-foot circle around the tree. Fertilize each spring until the tree reaches 4 years of age and then increase the fertilizer to two cups per tree.
Prune the Asian pear tree each spring. Prune to a vase shape leaving three or four main branches. Thin up the middle of the tree to allow sunlight and air circulation throughout the tree.
Thin fruit when they first appear. Leave one per cluster to ensure adequate growth. Pluck the small fruit by hand and discard to thin. The tree begins to bear fruit after it tops 3 years of age.