Colorful flowers can raise the spirits and help make your home and yard look more appealing. Whether you choose annual blooming plants, perennials or bulbs such as tulips and daffodils, flowers are easy to grow. If you choose varieties that will reseed themselves, as do many native flowering plants, you'll have even more flowers growing naturally in your garden the following spring and summer. You can grow tall varieties such as delphiniums and hollyhocks, or sweet little plants like pansies. When you mix colors and sizes, your garden is sure to be a blooming showcase.
Create flowerbeds in areas that are appropriate for the type of flower you want to grow. For example, zinnias, marigolds, petunias and many other annual plants need full sun, while other plants, such as hostas, impatiens, bleeding hearts and primroses, prefer shade or partial shade.
Weed your planting area and then dig in any type of organic compost in early spring. Use the ratio of one part compost to four parts topsoil.
Dig planting holes for bedding plants or rows for seeds. Make sure your planting holes are the correct distance apart for the size and type of flowering plant you have purchased and then set bedding plants into the holes and fill in with additional soil/compost. Plant seeds the depth indicated on their packet.
Water your planted areas well by running a sprinkler for at least 30 minutes. After this time, keep the soil moist but not saturated. For many plants, it's best to allow the soil to dry out a bit in between waterings.
Fertilize your flowering plants after you plant them with a plant food having an N-P-K ratio of 10-10-10 or another balanced amount such as 13-13-13. To force more blooms, fertilize with a lower nitrogen plant food, such as 0-10-10, as soon as plants begin to form flower buds.
Avoid deadheading your flowers after they have finished blooming if you want to encourage seed production for the following summer. Many native flowering plants will drop their seeds, and if conditions are right they will grow naturally on their own after the parent plant has died back for the winter.