When you plant a pear seed you will grow a pear tree. The fruit of the tree, however, will not be the same as the fruit from which you took the seed. It may not be the same size, shape or color. It may not taste the same. This is because the fruit will be the hybrid of the pear tree and the root stock to which its parent tree was grafted. Pear trees require full sunlight and lots of water. They are hardy to U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 to 7.
Remove the seed from the pear and wash away any fruit pulp that is clinging to it. Place the seed on a paper plate and allow it to air dry.
Place the seed in a glass jar, seal the jar and set it in a cool place (55 degrees F or cooler).
Remove the seed from the jar in late January.
Moisten a handful of peat moss and squeeze out any excess moisture. The moss should be just barely moist. Push the pear seed into the peat moss until it is completely enveloped.
Put the balled seed back into the jar and place the jar in the refrigerator for 60 days.
Prepare the planting area by adding a 3-inch layer of compost to the soil and mixing it in, using the gardening fork, to a depth of 8 inches.
Remove the jar from the refrigerator and the seed from the jar.
Plant the pear seed 1-inch deep into the soil and cover it with soil. Add a 1-inch layer of sand over the seed.
Protect the seed from squirrels and other critters by covering it with a piece of metal or wire screen. Push the edges of the screen 2 to 4 inches into the soil, suggests Dr. Robert Crassweller, professor of tree fruit at Penn State University. Remove the screen when the seed sprouts.
Water the pear seed carefully to avoid washing it away. The soil should be moist but not soggy.